Service description

SERVICE DESCRIPTION / CITYROI PROCESS / KEYTERMSTHEORETICAL BACKGROUND

CITYROI comprises two parts.

1) CITYROI–analyses calculates the urban capacity of the city structure for new economy competitiveness. Highly competitive areas are easily accessed by different means of transport and the proximity of the land use is typical for them.

2) CITYROI–planning defines design solutions that will increase the capacity. These plans will create for the city more jobs, more culture and sustainable economic growth.


CITYROI PROCESS

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1. TASK
We will start the project by preparing the initial data materials and the list of participants of the result seminar.

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2. ANALYSIS
Soon after the data is prepared we will run the CITYROI analysis and arrange the result seminar.

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3. RESULT SEMINAR
In the result seminar the data will be presented and potential target areas will be defined.

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4. CALCULATIONS
Last but not least we will calculate the estimates on revenue forecasts for the target areas and edit the printed report out of everything.

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5. RELEASE EVENT
The CITYROI report will be delivered to the release event with concluding remark presentations.

As a result of the process you will also get 3D data model and visualization for illustrative presenting of land use changes.

With 3D GIS data model you can manage the impacts of project-related changes on the neighborhood. The model generates necessary data for the all impact assessments as well as 3D illustration material.


KEYTERMS

Neighbourhood
The hood located  at a distance of 700 meters from the street network around the particular place.

Zone of Urban Capacity™
Areas comprising the neighbourhoods in which city structure fulfil the capacity criteria (defined specially for each city and local goals) within walking distance.

Accessibility zones
In addition to capacity criteria, areas need to be accessible in different ways. Accessibility assessment is made by applying traffic models for each means of transport (car, bicycle, public transport).

Job forecast
On the basis of the previous assessments we can calculate the growth of jobs caused by a change in city structure applying the growth development models developed by our city economists. This way we can estimate the total turnover by sectors for the area to illustrate the impact of urban design for the local economy.

Download information package here for further read.


THEORETICAL BACKGROUND

In the future more and more people live in urban areas. This means that a need for urban is changing constantly. Due to the vision of the city driven since primary industrial production era, it is common that citizen’s neighborhood outside the downtowns is based purely on traffic infrastructure. Today this vision has outdated because of the technological revolution. Therefore urban planning has to change along to follow modern needs of citizens and companies.

Versatile neighborhood in regards of services and employment is needed by the citizens. In a good city people working in service sector could have their job as well as acquire their daily necessities in the same neighborhood as they live in. In other words, it would be important to build neighborhoods with high population and high number of services, which would provide a basis for the neighborhood to develop into versatile and lively urban area. Simply put, dispersed urban structure should be sewn together.

The key word for companies is customer and employee reachability. In the 20th century the regional traffic connectivity measured by travel time was emphasized because only a few voluminous employers acted as the main sources of employment. Now in the 21st century the productivity of the city has changed course from primary to service production. The city work is not performed in factories anymore. This change has set reachability of co-players; people, clients and firms, in crucial role. In reachable city different players meet daily and generate local “buzz” of events and services. A good reachability requires certain features for the city structure. We call the combination of these features as Urban Capacity™.

CITYROI is a planning service which is built on the basis of urban capacity. With CITYROI service it is possible to measure urban capacity of the city structure along the traditionally measurements of traffic capacity. The concept of urban capacity is formed of a combination of blocks, properties and activities within them – in addition to a network that connects those. This means: the more blocks, properties and activities there can be and the denser the network is, the higher the rate of urban capacity is. In contrast, features, which reduce urban capacity, are such as highways or big shopping centers. We believe that a good city can be evolved in urban structure whit sufficient urban and traffic capacity.

SOURCES

– Lampinen Seppo, (2015). Here is the road; where is the city? Transport planning and urban sprawl , Acta Universitatis Tamperensis 2090.
– Spencera Gregory M. (2015). Knowledge Neighbourhoods: Urban Form and Evolutionary Economic Geography, Regional Studies volume 49.
– Geoff Andersson et al (2015). Core Values: Why American Companies are Moving Downtown, Smart growth America with Cushman & Wakefield.
– Thomas Piketty (2013). Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Harward University Press.
– Höjer, M.; Gullberg, A.; Pettersson, R. (2011). Backcasting images of the future city—Time and space for sustainable development in Stockholm.
– Sanford Ikeda (2011). Economic Development from a Jacobsian Perspective , Purchase College of New York.
– Portugali, J. (2011). Complexity, Cognition and the City. Springer, Complexity Series.
– Kihato, Caroline, Blair A. Ruble & Mejgan Massoumi (toim) (2010). Urban Diversity: Space, Culture and Inclusive Pluralism in Cities Worldwide.
– Knox, P. J. & Mayer, H. (2009). Small Town Sustainability. Economic, Social and Environmental Innovation. Birkhäuser, Basel.
– Mannermaa Mika (2008). Jokuveli. Elämä ja vaikuttaminen ubiikkiyhteiskunnassa, WSOY.
– Shapiro J.M. (2006) Smart cities: quality of life, productivity, and the growth effects of human capital. Review of Economics and Statistics 88.
– Florida R. (2004). The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent, HarperCollings.
– Sieverts, T. (2003). Cities Without Cities: An Interpretation of the Zwischenstadt. Routlege.
– Oswald, F.; Baccini, P. (2003). Netzstadt – Designing the Urban. Birkhäuser, Basel.
– Jacobs, Jane (2000). The Nature of Economies. Vintage books.